The staggering billion mark has been reached for smartphone users worldwide!

That makes sense, and it’s undeniable that mobile apps now significantly and positively influence businesses. As a result, many businesses are pondering on developing their mobile apps to market their services globally successfully.

Mobile apps have two parts, frontend, and backend, where the frontend is meant for user interaction, and the backend is where the server and databases are linked. 

To have hands-on skill in mobile app development, one must ace the ins & outs of backend development. For that, we have an article that will guide you about backend development in mobile apps.

Let’s move on!

What Are The Backend And Frontend Of A Mobile Application?

Let’s look at the frontend before we dig into the backend description. Your phone has a majority of frontend apps installed, and a few of these are the Calculator, Facebook, Instagram, and others. You can assume that all the applications you can instantly download from App Store and Google Play or can use to interact with your favorite gadgets like a smartwatch are the frontend apps, also commonly referred to as the mobile apps. 

The backend applications are fundamentally different from the frontend because they are made to interface with servers and machines as opposed to the frontend, which interacts with humans. Backend connects to the specialized internet using machine-specific protocols. 

The “standing in the back” backend is frequently unfamiliar to consumers of the frontend app. While the backend apps are hosted remotely on servers, the frontend apps are simultaneously hosted on the user’s device. Servers could be physical equipment or virtual clouds that can manage all the data.

To sum up, in a line, the backend objects to all the procedures concealed behind the frontend, which is like the surface of a volcano.

Difference FactorFrontend DevelopmentBackend Development
DefinitionRefers to the user interface, and visual componentsRefer to work for server and database
Required SkillsHTML, JS, CSSRuby on Rails, Python, PHP, Java, C#, ASP.net
ObjectivesBuilding simple UI, responsive and accessible appCreating software to support and secure frontend
FrameworkReact, Vue.js, AngularJS, jQueryLaravel, Flask, Ruby on Rails, CakePHP, .Net, Codelgniter, Django

Mobile App Backend Development

Although it operates entirely in the background, the backend is essential. The backend performs all the intensive work connected to data verification, authentication, processing business logic, data storage, and security. To provide end users with a seamless computing experience, the backend—an application located on a server and connected remotely with the frontend—can save, retrieve, and sort critical data quickly and accurately. To understand how important it is, we can consider that a backend bug can impact millions of people using the application worldwide.

Backend development is the process of planning, developing, deploying, and maintaining the server-side application code for a mobile app. The decision of which data to generate, how to convey it, and when to present it rests with the business logic code.

While developing an excellent app, backend developers concentrate on the following things:

  • Design and architecture of apps
  • Operations and design of databases
  • Web server scripting
  • Privacy, security, and authenticity
  • Backup and restoration of data
  • Balanced loading

Functions Utilized With Backend Development

The primary functions that are utilized while creating a backend for mobile applications are:

1. Software-As-A-Service (SaaS)

SaaS-based platforms provide app developers with various backend services, particularly for backend development, and as a beneficial add-on, cloud servers also provide SaaS. It offers ready-to-use backend solutions for the frontend and backend of the app, along with the facility to avail of its services for a small monthly membership charge.

2. Cloud Server

These days, all apps are built on cloud-based servers because of their reasonable costs, dependability, scalability, accessibility, and centralized management. The excellent physical and network security on the cloud servers protects them from outside threats. Because of its availability, anyone can use the cloud servers, whether a small business or an individual.

Google App Engine, Microsoft Azure, and Amazon AWS are some popular cloud servers for hosting mobile apps.

3. Custom Servers

Use your custom server to host the backend of a mobile app if you need to cooperate with regulators and are handling sensitive data. Because you would have complete control, you might use the Custom backend server to do features that SaaS or MBaaS cannot offer. The cost of a custom server is one clear drawback, and it also needs a committed team to manage and secure it for efficient operation. Depending on the requirements of your app, this backend may range from a primary application server to a sophisticated distributed system.

Prerequisites Of Backend App Development

Since the backend development occurs on the server side, the task usually comprises securing, storing, and processing the data. 

Here are some important prerequisites of backend app development:

1. Strategy

The most important necessity for developing an app is a viable strategy. Conduct a thorough analysis of the market and the competitors, specify your objectives, choose a platform and reach out to experts for your app development.

2. Design

The UI/UX design process ensures the accurate functioning of the software and whether it is simple to use. Designing provides a better idea regarding functionality requirements for user experience and helps developers to understand the exact needs.

3. Analysis And Planning

Developers can review and thoroughly examine various app case studies, enabling them to evaluate their app requirements. Additionally, this strategy will make creating the app’s MVP easier.

4. Testing

It ranks among the most crucial activities because a variety of testing techniques like user testing, performance testing, unit testing, stress testing, and security testing needs to be conducted on the application for its consistent performance across all platforms.

Backend Development Tools

There are various Backend development tools to work with for an ideal outcome. Some of those tools are listed below:

1. Web Server Tools

The backend server for the mobile application is used to store, handle, and serve data to the apps downloaded on users’ phones. The communication and data exchange between the server and the clients occurs in a secure connection. Various Web Server Tools help is proper functioning, and those are listed below:

1.1 Apache HTTP Server

It is a reasonably popular web server that can host online services and serve static and dynamic web pages. Apache HTTP Servers are efficient, dependable, highly secure, and used by over 67% of all web servers worldwide.

1.2 Apache Tomcat

Apache Tomcat, an adaptation of the Apache HTTP Server, serves Java applications. It is potentially used for delivering web pages. It’s an open-source implementation of Jakarta Expression Language, WebSocket technologies, and Jakarta Servlet.

1.3 NGINX

NGINX is an open-source server that is used as an email proxy. It can also be used as a reverse proxy, media player, streamer, load balancer, and HTTP cache.

1.4 Node.JS

An effective, lightweight, and JavaScript-based web server is Node.js. It uses non-blocking, event-driven input and output and is quickly gaining popularity for creating websites and mobile applications.

1.5 Lighttpd

Another high-speed open-source server, Lighttpd, supports large files and enables virtual hosts, URL rewriting, automated file expiration, fast CGI streaming, directory listings, and HTTP redirects. It is also quicker than the Apache server and allows transparent cache output compression.

2. Databases Tools

These days, an app’s dynamic nature is crucial, and the database tools precisely achieve that. Its duties include giving customers information and data and accepting and storing data that has already been supplied.

2.1 Oracle RDBMS

RDBMS (Relational database management system) uses user-defined types, inheritance, polymorphism, and other object-oriented capabilities. It offers administration features for controlling data storage, access, and performance, as well as an interface between users, applications, and the database.

2.2 IBM DB2

It is a relational database and allows you to possibly update the management of structured and unstructured data across several clouds and on-premises systems with the IBM DB2.

2.3 Altibase

Altibase integrates an in-memory database with an on-disk database by employing a single standard interface. This makes it possible to retrieve massive amounts of data in real-time while streamlining and modernizing data processing.

2.4 Microsoft SQL Server

Microsoft SQL Server is a popular RDBMS that is used in analytical applications, transaction processing, and business intelligence.

2.5 SAP Sybase AS

It is also referred to as Sybase SQL Server or Sybase DB. To answer the increasing needs for performance, reliability, and efficiency, Sybase DB was created for the Unix OS. It is frequently used for cloud-based and localized online transaction administration.

2.6 Teradata

The open RDBMS, Teradata, can be used with various operating systems, including Linux, Windows, and UNIX. This RDBMS can support enormous volumes of data and connect with multiple business intelligence (BI) tools.

2.7 ADABAS

“Adaptable Database System” (ADABAS) is renowned for its cross-platform portability, developer productivity, and big data and reliability optimizations and was developed to work with IBM mainframes.

2.8 MySQL

MySQL is a free and faster scaling open-source relational database. When creating applications for data warehousing, transaction processing, and e-commerce, several frameworks that are well-liked by developers use MySQL.

2.9 FileMaker

Users can construct their customized apps and databases using FileMaker, a robust software. Businesses use this software to keep track of bills, clients, resources, work orders, and inventories.

2.10 Microsoft Access

Microsoft Access is a database management system created by Microsoft, and it combines a relational database engine with a graphical user interface (GUI). It is a tool for information management that assists the user in storing data for analysis, citation, and reporting.

2.11 Informix

IBM created Informix, a quick and adaptable database server. It controls dimensional, object-relational, and conventional relational databases. Informix is suitable for onboard data management solutions due to its tiny footprint and self-administration capability.

2.12 SQLite

SQLite is a database engine created in C that is used to develop embedded software for gadgets like televisions, smartphones, and cameras. It can handle HTTP requests with low to moderate traffic, convert files into smaller archives with less information, and process specific data within an application.

2.13 PostgreSQL

It is a free and open-source RDBMS that places a strong emphasis on flexibility and SQL compliance. It is also known as Postgres and serves as a data repository for most mobile and analytical apps. The various SQL functions, as well as user-defined types and functions, are supported by PostgreSQL.

2.14 Amazon RDS

A group of managed services known as Amazon Relational Database Service, or Amazon RDS, makes it simple to deploy, set up, run, and scale databases in the cloud. Amazon RDS provides services and carries out activities like backup, recovery, patching, and migration.

2.15 MongoDB

MongoDB is an open-source, cross-platform document-oriented database application. It is utilized to create scalable and highly accessible web applications. It is well-liked by agile development teams due to its flexible schema approach.

3. Git Clients

Developers can use the Git client to access a visual version control and project collaboration system. The code for version control does not need to be manually written by the user, which makes it possible for them to work more quickly and comfortably.

3.1 SourceTree

An open-source GUI Git client is SourceTree. It makes it easier for developers to deal with Git repositories to focus on writing code, and its GUI simplifies managing and visualizing your repositories.

3.2 GitHub client

GitHub is a platform for collaboration and version control, and it is used to create cross-platform desktop applications by combining CSS, HTML, and JavaScript.

4. Microservice Platform Tools

Microservices are a group of tools and technologies that provide different capabilities online. They make it simple for developers to create an application because they have pre-defined functions and algorithms.

4.1 Kubernetes

Kubernetes, also known as KBs, is an open-source framework for managing container clusters. Kubernetes’ main objectives include automating deployment, offering to scale, and managing application containers across many servers.

4.2 Docker

To deliver software in packages known as containers, Docker leverages OS-level virtualization. It allows developers a quick, simple-to-use packaging deployment and distribution techniques to put microservices into the game. Since Docker also offers features like registration services, native clustering, and cloud services, it is well-liked among developers who want to create compartmentalized apps.

5. Local Development Environment

Services can be configured using an LDE or local development environment to operate a website or mobile application on a desktop.

5.1 WampServer

The Microsoft Windows operating system’s solution stack, called WampServer, consists of the Apache Web Server, OpenSSL, MySQL database, and PHP runtime. Mobile app development companies use it as an open-source environment to create web applications and handle databases.

5.2 XAMPP

It is an open-source, cross-platform web server solution stack created by the Friends of Apache group. It supports PHP and Perl language script development, and the World Wide Web can also serve the web pages using XAMPP.

5.3 Laragon

A fast, secure, portable, and potent development environment for Node.js is called Laragon. It is multilingual and supports Python, PHP, Ruby, Java, and Go. It is excellent for creating and maintaining contemporary apps since it is light, fast, simple, and easy to modify.

6. Collaboration Service Tools

Working together on professional projects is made simpler and faster by collaboration services technologies. Real-time communication is made possible, and bottlenecks in the feedback and workflow approval processes are reduced. Three essential characteristics of collaborative tools are communication, task and project management, file management and sharing.

6.1 Slack

Organizations utilize it as a messaging and collaboration tool in the cloud. People can access the information they require through it. Its primary attributes are Pinning notes and resources linked to channels, Document control and tracking, and Modifiers for advanced searches.

6.2 Jira

Jira is a piece of software used for issue tracking and project management. It manages its web-based product management using Scrum and Kanban.

7. App Performance TestingTool

A decent performance testing tool is necessary to evaluate your apps’ efficiency, speed, scalability, dependability, and interoperability.

7.1 Apache JMeter

It’s a test tool created by Apache to measure and examine the app’s effectiveness and other web services. If the system supports JVM, the Java testing tool JMeter can test mobile, web, and FTP apps (Java Virtual Machine).

7.2 AppLoader

This tool makes testing an application possible across all its access points. It also enables the developer to test the entire business process without the need to write any code or add a plugin.

Programming Languages For Backend Development 

For the best results, work with one of the many backend development programming languages available. Following is a list of some of those language:

1. Php

PHP is a scripting language widely used for web development. Various companies like Facebook, Slack, Tumblr, Etsy, Wikipedia, and WordPress use PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) as a programming language for their web development.

2. JavaScript

Most websites employ JavaScript as their web development scripting language, and numerous frameworks and programs use JavaScript as their backend. This language is also used by web developers and game developers for work.

3. Python

Python is a programming language with simpler syntax and easy-to-read codes. It is used for application development and in the tech stacks of platforms like Spotify, Facebook, and Instagram.

WrapUp!

Now that you have the information about the basic requirements for Backend Development tools and functions, and most importantly, about the backend of an application, you will need an expert team to handle the needful of your business idea. This is where Idea Usher steps in with skilled developers to guarantee your desired result in the given time frame.

A Skilled Developer For Every Project

Trusted by 100+ clients

Contact us to take your business a notch higher with our backend development services.

E-mail: [email protected]

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FAQ

  1. What is Backend Development?

It is a process of developing the server-side of an application or a website to ensure smooth operations on the client side.

  1. What is Frontend Development?

It is a process of developing a platform/client side for users to interact with an application or website.

  1. What are the programming languages for Backend Development?

Java Script, NodeJS, C++, and Swift are the languages used for backend development.

  1. What are the examples of applications with no Backend?

Applications like calculator, voice recorder, camera, and compass in your device have no backend and only functioning frontend for users to interact.

  1. What are the technology stacks for Backend App Development?

Backend development for mobile apps frequently uses the following tech stacks: 

  • Serverless stack
  • Wins stack
  • Xampp stack (X, Apache, MySQL, PHP, Perl, or MariaDB)
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