Know the metaverse tech stack

Metaverse uses many technologies to enhance its platform experience, such as blockchain, IoT, artificial intelligence, etc. 

Moreover, many companies are experimenting with their metaverse platform to eliminate all possible challenges by implementing new solutions.

If you wonder what technology makes a complete metaverse platform, check this blog and get the list of the metaverse tech stack for your platform development. 

Metaverse tech stack

Here is a list of tech stacks used for creating the metaverse platform:

1. AR & VR technologies 

Both augmented and virtual reality are required to access a virtual world in the metaverse. They use 3D modeling to generate and provide access to the virtual world in different ways.

In virtual reality, the user can use wearables to experience the 3D world around their surroundings. While in the case of augmented reality, the user can experience the virtual world on their screens, such as smartphones, laptops, and others where they are running augmented reality apps.

Businesses can use AR/VR technology to offer immersive platform experiences to their users on different devices. 

Technology stack for AR/VR development

I. Unity

A platform that offers the creation of real-time events and supports multiple operating systems such as Windows, Mac OS, and Linux, as well as 14+ platforms, including VR devices, consoles, and mobile.

II. Unreal Engine

The engine is an open and advanced real-time 3D editor that helps developers to create photorealistic and immersive events for projects ranging from media to real estate.

III. ARToolKit

ARToolKit is an open-source and free library that offers various features like automated camera alignment, real-time application development, and support for multiple programming languages.

IV. Google ARcore

The platform allows developers with multiple features such as environmental comprehension, light estimation, and motion tracking along with advanced tools such as Unity and Unreal.

V. Apple ARkit

This toolkit allows developers to activate image filters and facial expressions like 3D characters and offer light-enhancing features for digital objects.

VI. Maxst AR

This plugin allows developers to extend the maps per the camera’s movement and even beyond to offer a vivid experience.

2. AI

Artificial intelligence is another essential key technology that helps improve the metaverse world. AI’s most common applications are fast computing, identity verification, analytics, and more. 

In the metaverse, artificial intelligence help create 2D and 3D-based avatars per the users’ characteristics. AI helps metaverse to create a realistic avatar of their users. Also, the metaverse is used for auto-response to answer user queries via chat for the apps available in the metaverse.

Technology stack for AI development

I. AWS sage maker

The tool allows developers to create, train, and deploy their machine learning models to the cloud. The platform is fully customizable and allows one-click deployment to more than 150 popular open-source models such as natural language processing, image classification models, object detection, etc. 

II. TensorFlow

A free and open-source software library launched by Google that helps developers to create machine learning and AI models. The platform is more suitable for developers who want to run their AI models on popular platforms such as Android, iOS, and web apps.

III. Scikit-Learn

A platform is also known as a sklearn. It is a free software machine learning library that supports python programming language for artificial intelligence and machine learning-related works. The platform supports popular algorithmic decision-making methods such as classification, Regression, and clustering.

3. Blockchain

Bringing decentralization in the metaverse can expand its different ways, such as excellent security and more freedom to app users. Blockchain offers many use cases like NFTs, cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, etc. 

Blockchain plays a significant role in metaverse development as it offers many technologies that help it move toward Web 3.0 (the next generation of the Internet).

Technology stack for blockchain development 

I. Front-end development 

The UI part through which your users will interact with your platform.

  • JavaScript-based framework; React-native.
  • HTML
  • CSS
  • Websocket
  • Web3js
II. Backend development

The back-end part will mainly involve smart contracts and platform features that you want to add to your metaverse: 

  • Solidity
  • Rust
  • Node.js
  • React Native
  • DocumentDB
  • MongoDB.
  • Auth0
  • Web3js

4. 3D Modeling

Metaverse creates a 3D World where users can interact with each other. 3D modeling helps the metaverse to create 3D objects like avatars, buildings, clothes, etc. 

Industries like real estate and e-commerce stores use 3D modeling to create buildings and offer metaverse platform experiences to their users.

Businesses can use 3D modeling in the metaverse to offer real-life experiences to their users, such as by creating virtual shops, offices, accessories, products, etc.

Technology stack for 3D development

I. Unreal Engine

The platform supports the creation of next-generation 3D projects by offering open and advanced real-time 3D development tools. You can access the following features for 3D development in Unreal Engine:

  • Open world toolset
  • Real-time rendering
  • Built-in tools for advanced animation 
  • Advanced UI editor 
II. Unity

Another best platform that offers real-time development of 3D modeling. In unity, you can access multiple features such as the most advanced 3D editor, game development tools, well-curated documentation, artist tools, and much more. 


The most popular tool that is designed to assist game developers in creating 3D models. CryEngine also acts as a powerful VR development tool that supports many platforms.

The platform also offers built-in audio solutions such as CRI ADX2, FMOD Studio, and Miles Sound System.

5. Internet of things

IoT uses devices and sensors to collect and process data. It helps users to connect and interact with the virtual world using sensor-based devices such as Oculus VR and others.  

Also, IoT provides the metaverse with real-time data collected from the real world. Using this data, the metaverse can enhance the accuracy of activities happening inside its virtual world to offer its users a relevant experience similar to the real world.

To further improve the metaverse, IoT can be paired with AI and machine learning technology to manage user data and offer them a better experience efficiently.

Technology stack for IoT development


It is a standard messaging protocol that helps remote devices connect using minimal network bandwidth and less programming.

II. Azure IoT hub

A platform is commonly known as Microsoft IoT connector for the cloud. Azure IoT hub is a fully Microsoft-owned cloud service that enables a seamless connection between many IoT devices. 


is an advanced protocol that enables data synchronization between multiple systems and applications. AMQP allows IoT devices to work together by enabling them to exchange messages. 

IV. Lorawan

It is a low-power wide area network protocol built on the LoRa radio modulation technique. The protocol connects a wide range of IoT devices by handling communication between end-node devices and network gateways.

6. Edge computing

This technology is a big part of immersive virtual space. It is used in IoT networks to enable fast data transfer. Edge Computing helps metaverse to manage IoT devices on their networks effectively by helping them manage data storage and processing. 

Metaverse uses edge computing to improve its performance and offer its users a smooth, lag-free experience.

7. 5G

Access to fast internet is becoming essential to help metaverse offer a better experience. 5G is the next generation of the internet which allows fast data transfer and processing of users’ data in the metaverse platform.

The 5G technology helps the metaverse to render their virtual environment faster by offering them more bandwidth. Without fast internet, it is not possible for companies to provide highly smooth performance on the metaverse.

8. Mobile device processors

With the wide acceptance of AR and VR in the metaverse, mobile device processors play an essential role in the metaverse.

These processors help AR/VR-based devices to better manage graphic processing by offering a high refresh rate with lower latency to smoothen the metaverse platform experience. 

Also, many wearable devices are using these mobile processors to help them offer a metaverse platform experience to their users.

9. Programming language 

Multiple programming languages, such as Rust, Solidity, C++, Python, etc., are used in the metaverse for writing smart contracts and implementing backend functionality. 

Blockchain developers select the list of programming languages based on the project requirement for metaverse platforms to build their features and functionality. 

Also, developers are experimenting with new programming languages to explore the new possibilities of blockchain technology with the help of the metaverse.

Key Players in the Metaverse

Metaverse offers an excellent opportunity for businesses to help them establish their brand virtually and make money from audiences involved in a virtual world. 

Check the best metaverse platforms you can use for your business.  

1. The Sandbox

With over 40 million downloads and 1M monthly active users. The Sandbox is owned by Hong Kong’s based game developer Animoca brands. 

The Sandbox is built on the Ethereum blockchain, which has its own cryptocurrency known as “SAND”. 

The platform offers great freedom to its owners where they can create and invest in games and other virtual world-based things such as retail stores, NFTs, etc. 

2. Zepeto

Another Asian-based metaverse platform, which was launched in 2018 by South Korean internet giant “Naver.” The platform has over 20 million active user bases. 

The platform enables users to create their virtual world based on events such as camping, holidays, etc. Moreover, the platform offers many customization features for their avatars, such as new hairstyles and colors, facial expressions, clothes, etc.

Zepeto has revealed that 90% of its user base comes outside of South Korea, where 80% of total users are teenagers.

3. Somnium space

With the main intention to focus on the virtual reality experience, the platform was launched in 2018 that comes with its own cryptocurrency, known as CUBE.

CUBE allows users to their land and makes payments for games and events on their metaverse platform. Users can access this metaverse platform on PC and mobile devices by integrating them into VR headsets.

Like other popular metaverse platforms, the Somnium Space allows its players to buy trade, and build properties.

4. Decentraland

The company is working on creating a set of tools and applications to help users to offer a 3D virtual world where they can access video games and interact with other users.

Decentraland offers its exclusive marketplace where users can trade digital assets such as gaming, characters, digital arts, and music. 

The platform also offers its builder tool where users can create digital art collections and 3D scenes to help Decentraland expand its virtual world.

5. Cryptovoxels

Cryptovoxels is another sandbox-like metaverse project powered by the Ethereum blockchain. Users can purchase land parcels on this platform to build their stores and art galleries. 

The platform offers an exclusive map showcasing the locations of different places such as the galley, club, beach, and other top-engaging places. 

Moreover, the map offers a teleportation feature where users can explore the 3D surrounding of the places they selected on the map.

Creating a metaverse platform involves some challenges, but what are they? Let’s understand.

What are the challenges of the metaverse?

These are the following common challenges businesses face when creating their apps in metaverse platforms

1. Reputation and identity

Identifying the personal identity of users is challenging in the virtual world. Even bots can mimic the existence of users in the metaverse. This is where reputation can play an essential role in identifying users and proving they are trustworthy.

The main challenge lies in implementing facial features and the voice of users to help the system identify their profile in the virtual world.

2. Data & security   

There is an extreme need to protect users’ identities in the metaverse to maintain their trust. The developers are working on new methods to identify personal data to offer privacy protection to the users in the metaverse.

However, to identify user profiles in the metaverse even deeper and help them avoid their profile being misused, users will need to provide more personal details to ensure their profiles will not be replicated by bots and other users.

3. Currency and payment systems

Bitcoin, Ethereum, and many other cryptocurrencies have proved their worth regarding security and traceability. However, there is a need to develop a new transaction verification system to help users feel safe and secure while doing transactions on the metaverse platform.

Also, for new users that are inexperienced with metaverse, it is challenging to convince them that their transactions are safe and secure with cryptocurrencies and tokens on metaverse. 

4. Identifying ownership

Metaverse includes multiple digital assets such as NFTs, cryptocurrencies, tokens, etc. This virtual world provides an opportunity to purchase and hold digital assets for investment purposes. 

There is a need to develop an asset owner identification system to help users to identify the owner of specific digital assets in the metaverse.

It is the right opportunity for businesses to enter the metaverse and scale their businesses. Check the list of popular industries where businesses can use metaverse for making smart moves.

How can companies make smart metaverse moves in different industries?

Check the following use case in different industries about how companies can use metaverse technology to enhance their business operations:

1. Manufacturing

Metaverse helps industries to create virtual prototypes of their product to test their product design and working. Prototyping help industries to effortlessly look at their product flaws and address those issues before implementing product manufacturing on a full scale.

This virtual technology helps companies save time and cost by effortlessly testing their product with the help of prototyping and other virtual technologies. Talking over another use case of a metaverse in manufacturing, companies can train their employees virtually to operate machines.

2. Healthcare

Healthcare industries can use metaverse technology to help doctors treat their patients virtually by offering medications based on their health symptoms.

Patients who cannot visit healthcare can access remote healthcare services with the help of metaverse technology. 

As per the report, the market of a metaverse in healthcare can reach $3.80B by 2026 at a CAGR of 33.83% between 2021 to 2026.

With the help of the metaverse, psychologists and psychiatrists can offer an immersive virtual experience to help their patients to treat their mental illnesses.

3. Banking and finance

Due to the multiple benefits of blockchains, banking and finance use metaverse technology to offer an enhanced experience to their users.

Also, according to the report, the metaverse market share in finance is expected to reach $ 50.37 billion from 2021 to 2026. 

With the help of nonfungible tokens and cryptocurrencies, people can transact for purchasing and selling virtual goods. There are multiple use cases of a metaverse and blockchain in the banking sector, such as crypto staking, money transfer, P2P crypto lending, and much more.

4. Retail

The metaverse has entirely changed how people purchase items virtually. With metaverse, businesses can set up their virtual retail store to showcase all their products available for sale. Moreover, people are buying clothing and virtual accessories for their online avatars.

Many retail giants have booked their virtual space in popular metaverse platforms like Decentralized, The Sandbox, and others. The metaverse has also enhanced the eCommerce experience, where people can purchase items virtually, and the purchased product is later physically delivered to their addresses. 

However, to create your virtual platform with the help of decentralized technology, you need to hire blockchain developers for your project. But what is the best way to hire blockchain developers? Let’s understand.

How can Idea Usher help?

You can select the perfect metaverse tech stack for your business by contacting blockchain developers. Also, If you want to create your metaverse platform or develop apps on an existing metaverse, you can contact Idea Usher

We offer complete blockchain development services for businesses looking to create blockchain-based products and services or upgrade using blockchain technology.

Contact Idea Usher 


[email protected]


(+1)732 962 4560

(+91)859 140 7140


Q. What tech stack is used for the metaverse?

A. These are the following things that are used as a tech stack for the metaverse:

  • AR and VR technology
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Blockchain technology
  • 3D modeling
  • Internet of Things
  • Edge computing
  • 5G

Q. Which software is best for the metaverse?

A. You can use the following software for the metaverse:

  • Meta 
  • Microsoft
  • Decentraland
  • Unity.
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