Develop a Virtual Tabletop Game

These days, virtual tabletop games have emerged as a captivating bridge between traditional board gaming and cutting-edge technology. As the demand for immersive and socially connected gaming experiences continues to rise, the development of virtual tabletop games has become a dynamic and exciting frontier for game enthusiasts and developers alike.

In this comprehensive guide, we will embark on a journey to unravel the intricacies of creating a virtual tabletop game, exploring the fusion of creativity, technology, and user engagement. From conceptualization to execution, our exploration will be a beacon for aspiring game developers looking to craft captivating digital tabletop experiences.

Join us as we delve into the realms of game design, user interface, multiplayer functionality, and the seamless integration of virtual and physical elements. Throughout this blog series, we will navigate the challenges, embrace the possibilities, and provide valuable insights to help you bring your virtual tabletop game from conception to reality.

What is a Virtual Tabletop Game?

A Virtual Tabletop Game (VTT) is a digital platform designed to replicate the immersive experience of traditional tabletop gaming, particularly tailored for dice-based role-playing games (RPGs). It serves as an online arena where users can recreate existing games or craft their adventures, fostering collaborative gameplay with participants located remotely.

  • Key elements integral to a VTT include a shared virtual “table,” providing a visual representation of the gaming environment that all participants can view and interact with as the game unfolds.
  • Additionally, VTTs employ “tokens” to represent players’ characters on the virtual table, facilitating engagement and movement within the digital realm.
  •  VTTs can also incorporate a dice-rolling mechanism or a random number generator mechanic to preserve the essence of chance inherent in tabletop gaming.

In mirroring the in-person gaming experience, VTTs offer essential features such as character sheets, interactive maps, and, in some instances, 3D dice rolling for an authentic feel. These platforms are particularly advantageous for remote play, enabling users to organize and participate in games with players from different locations.

Leading VTTs like FoundryVTT and Roll20 elevate the gaming experience by providing advanced features such as real-time character sheet updates, dynamic animations like combat sequences, interactive elements like walls and fog-of-war, and support for background music and sound effects. However, simpler and more accessible VTT options exist, offering fundamental elements and often being freely available.

Also read, “A complete guide for P2E games development

Key Market Takeaways of the Online Board Game Market

According to Mordor intelligence, the global surge in the online board games market, projecting a robust Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 6.78%, presents a promising landscape for game businesses seeking to tap into the evolving realm of Virtual Tabletop Games (VTT). As traditional board gaming encounters a digital renaissance, understanding key market takeaways and trends becomes essential for developers aiming to craft engaging and successful virtual tabletop experiences.

Market Dynamics

The COVID-19 pandemic has been a catalyst for the online board games market, expanding its reach as an appealing source of entertainment during lockdowns. Game businesses can leverage this trend by developing VTTs that provide immersive and socially connected experiences, catering to the evolving preferences of remote players.

Key Market Takeaways of the Online Board Game Market

Source: Mordor intelligence

Cafes, experiencing a decline in footfall, have turned to online board games to revitalize their offerings. Game businesses can explore partnerships with such establishments, creating tailored VTTs that align with cafe initiatives to host online board game events. This not only enhances player engagement but also establishes a unique market presence.

Recognizing the flourishing market in the Asia-Pacific region, especially in countries like China, India, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, and Indonesia, offers game businesses an opportunity to tailor VTTs to meet the preferences of this diverse and smartphone-savvy demographic.

Market Trends Influencing VTT Development:

The increasing global smartphone user base, estimated at 6.6 billion in 2022, indicates a ripe audience for VTTs. Game businesses can focus on developing VTTs optimized for smartphone use, incorporating popular traditional board games like chess and Monopoly to capitalize on this trend.

With in-app purchases dominating revenue in the online board games market, developers should consider implementing strategic monetization models within VTTs. Offering enhanced features, exclusive content, or personalized experiences through in-app purchases can attract serious gamers, driving revenue growth.

Industry Dynamics and Player Strategies

Key players such as Zynga Inc., GungHo Online Entertainment Inc., and Tencent have embraced strategic approaches like new product development and global expansion. Game businesses can learn from these strategies, exploring collaborations with streaming services, cafes, or other entertainment platforms to enhance the reach and appeal of their VTTs.

Asmodee’s collaboration with Netflix and Zynga Inc.’s introduction of new features like Clubs in Words With Friends 2 highlights the importance of continuous innovation. Game businesses should prioritize staying at the forefront of technology and entertainment trends, introducing novel features that enhance the social and gaming experience within their VTTs.

How to Earn Money from a Virtual Tabletop Game?

Let’s discuss some ways you can earn money from developing a Virtual Tabletop Game:

1. Advertising Revenue

  • Create a blog, YouTube channel, or podcast related to your game.
  • Generate income through advertising revenue on these platforms.
  • Developing content around your game can deepen your understanding of it and help you establish a unique voice.

2. Affiliate Programs

  • Join gaming-related affiliate programs.
  • Earn commissions for every sale made through your referral links.
  • Incorporate affiliate marketing into your content creation, such as reviews or tutorials.

3. Selling Your Creations:

  • Develop and sell your virtual tabletop game directly to players.
  • Revenue primarily comes from the sales of your game.
  • Consider different pricing models or special editions to attract a wider audience.

4. Subscriptions:

  • Offer premium features or exclusive content to players through a subscription model.
  • Platforms like YouTube or Patreon can host your subscription services.
  • Establish different subscription tiers with varying benefits to attract a range of supporters.

5. Microtransactions:

  • Implement in-game purchases for cosmetic items, additional content, or special features.
  • This model is particularly effective for free-to-play games, allowing players to enhance their experience through optional purchases.

6. Paid Game Mastering:

  • Utilize platforms like StartPlaying to get paid for running tabletop game sessions.
  • If you enjoy being a game master, this can be a rewarding way to earn money and share your storytelling skills.

Also read, “Candy Crush Revenue: Players Spending In Mobile Games”

How to Develop a Virtual Tabletop Game?

Here’s how to develop a virtual tabletop game,

1. Idea Generation

  • Consider the type of game: Decide whether you want a strategy game, role-playing game (RPG), card game, or a combination.
  • Theme and target audience: Choose a theme that resonates with your target audience. Consider age groups, interests, and preferences.
  • Uniqueness: Add your twist to the game. What sets it apart from existing games in the genre?

2. Game Design

  • Rules and mechanics: Clearly define player actions, game progression, and win conditions. Write a comprehensive Game Design Document (GDD) to document these aspects.
  • Iteration: Be open to refining and iterating on your design as you progress. Playtest with others to identify potential issues or improvements.

3. Artwork and Asset Design

  • Game board and pieces: Design visually appealing game elements using software like Adobe Illustrator or Photoshop.
  • Professional help: If you’re not an artist, consider hiring a professional or using pre-made assets. Consistent and engaging visuals enhance the player experience.

4. Choose a Game Engine

Unity, Unreal Engine, Godot, Phaser, or GameMaker Studio are popular choices. Select based on your game’s requirements, budget, and your team’s expertise. Consider ease of use, available resources, and community support when making your decision.

5. Prototype Development

  • Basic version: Develop a simple prototype with placeholder art and minimal features. Focus on testing fundamental mechanics and gameplay.
  • Feedback: Gather feedback from playtesting to identify any issues or improvements. Adjust the prototype accordingly.

6. Iterate and Refine

  • Analyze feedback: Use feedback from playtesting to make informed changes to the game design, rules, or visuals.
  • Continuous improvement: Iteratively refine your game based on testing and player input. This process is crucial for creating a polished final product.

7. Full Development

  • Build upon the prototype: Once satisfied with the prototype, begin full-scale development. Incorporate final artwork, refine mechanics, and implement additional features.
  • Quality assurance: Test the game thoroughly to ensure a bug-free and enjoyable experience.

8. Testing and Balancing

  • Rigorous testing: Conduct extensive testing to identify and fix any bugs, glitches, or balance issues.
  • Player feedback: Continue gathering feedback from playtesting and adjust the game’s balance accordingly.

9. Launch and Marketing

  • Release Plan: Plan the launch of your game, considering platforms, marketing strategies, and timing.
  • Community engagement: Build anticipation by engaging with potential players through social media, forums, and other channels.

10. Post-Launch Support

  • Updates and patches: Be prepared to release updates and patches based on player feedback.
  • Community interaction: Maintain an active presence in the community to address issues and gather ideas for future updates.

Teach Stacks Required to Develop a Virtual Tabletop Game

Here are some of the essential tech stacks required to develop a virtual tabletop game,

1. Frontend Development

HTML/CSS/JavaScript: The Foundation

To craft the visual elements of your game, you need to master the trio: HTML for structure, CSS for style, and JavaScript for interactivity. These are the building blocks that every web developer should be adept at.

React.js: Crafting User Interfaces

React.js, a JavaScript library, takes frontend development to the next level. It specializes in creating dynamic user interfaces, making it an ideal choice for Single-Page Applications (SPAs).

Three.js: Adding Dimension with 3D Graphics

For a Virtual Tabletop Game, Three.js is indispensable. It’s a cross-browser JavaScript library that brings animated 3D computer graphics to life in a web browser. Perfect for creating immersive game environments.

2. Backend Development

Node.js: JavaScript Beyond the Browser

Node.js extends the capabilities of JavaScript beyond the browser, enabling server-side scripting and the development of command-line tools. It’s the bridge between frontend and backend development.

Express.js: Building Robust Web Applications

Express.js, a web application framework for Node.js, is crucial for constructing web applications and APIs. Its flexibility and simplicity make it a preferred choice among developers.

3. Database

MongoDB: Structuring Game Data

In the realm of databases, MongoDB stands out. A NoSQL database, it uses JSON-like documents with optional schemas. Ideal for managing the complex and dynamic data structures of a Virtual Tabletop Game.

4. Game Engine

Unity: Powering Game Development

Unity, a cross-platform game engine, is a powerhouse for game development. It’s not limited to video games but also finds applications in film, automotive, architecture, and more. Unity provides the backbone for creating diverse gaming experiences.

5. Real-Time Communication

Socket.IO: Enabling Realtime Interaction

For seamless communication between players and servers, Socket.IO comes into play. This JavaScript library facilitates bi-directional, real-time communication, an essential feature for a Virtual Tabletop Game.

6. Version Control System

Git: Tracking Changes with Precision

Git, a distributed version control system, ensures order in the chaotic world of software development. Its speed, data integrity, and support for distributed workflows make it an invaluable tool for collaborative game development.

Must-Have Features in a Virtual Tabletop Game

Here are some of the must-have features of developing a virtual tabletop game,

1. Foundational Features for Interaction

  • Shared Table: A core feature of any VTT is a shared “table.” This digital canvas serves as a dynamic space where players can draw, interact, and witness the unfolding narrative, fostering a sense of shared presence.
  • Tokens: Tokens add depth to the gaming experience. Players can interact with these digital pieces, representing characters, creatures, or objects, bringing the game to life in a virtual environment.
  • Dice-Rolling Mechanism: Fundamental to tabletop gaming, a dice-rolling mechanism introduces an element of randomness and unpredictability. It adds excitement and a touch of chance to every move in the game.
  • Character Sheets: Virtual tabletops often provide digital character sheets, allowing players to seamlessly track their characters’ stats, inventory, and abilities. It simplifies the management of in-game information.
  • Interactive Maps: Interactive maps enhance gameplay by providing a visual representation of the game world. Players can grasp their characters’ locations, fostering better understanding and strategic decision-making.
  • 3D Dice Rolling: For an added layer of realism, some VTTs offer 3D dice rolling. It brings the tactile feel of rolling physical dice into the virtual space, enhancing the overall gaming experience.
  • Support for Multiple Game Systems: A robust VTT should support various game systems, accommodating the diverse preferences of players engaging in different tabletop RPGs.
  • Customizability: Customizability is key. Players should have the freedom to personalize the game environment, from the appearance of the game table to the rules governing their unique gaming experience.

2. Additional Features for Enhanced Immersion

  • Dynamic Lighting & Fog of War: Creating a more immersive experience, dynamic lighting and Fog of War reveal only what players can see, replicating real-time torches and line-of-sight rules.
  • Ambient Sounds & Music: Background music, sound effects, and localized audio contribute to the atmosphere, enriching the virtual world and heightening the overall gaming experience.
  • 3D Models & Animations: Enhance the visual aspect with 3D terrain, props, character models, and animations for spells, attacks, and interactions. This brings a new dimension to the gaming visuals.
  • Video Chat Integration: Video chat integration fosters face-to-face interaction, nurturing the social aspects of tabletop gaming even in the virtual realm.

3. Gameplay Enhancements for Seamless Play

  • Automation & Macros: Scripting and automation tools streamline repetitive tasks, dice rolls, and character abilities, ensuring smoother gameplay.
  • Compendium Integration: Access pre-built monsters, items, spells, and other game assets from official rulebooks or community-created content, enhancing the richness of the game world.
  • Line-of-Sight & Measurement Tools: Built-in tools for measuring distances, checking line-of-sight, and pathfinding contribute to more tactical and strategic gameplay.
  • Battle Maps & Encounter Management: Create, share, and manage battle maps with dynamic elements like doors, traps, and hazards for more engaging and challenging encounters.
  • Integrated Character Sheet Management: Advanced character sheets with automated calculations, spell effects, and inventory management simplify the administration of in-game details.

4. Accessibility and Community Features

  • Mobile Device Compatibility: Allows players to join games and manage characters on the go, providing flexibility and accessibility.
  • Accessibility Features: Support for visual and auditory impairments through features like screen readers, text-to-speech, and alternative input methods ensures an inclusive gaming experience.
  • Modding & Community Creations: An open platform for community-made modules, campaigns, assets, and tools to expand the game’s potential, fostering a vibrant and collaborative community.
  • Collaboration & Note-Taking: Collaborative tools for drawing, sharing notes, and brainstorming ideas within the VTT environment encourage shared creativity and enhance the overall gaming experience.

Also read, “Top 6 AR Games In 2023

Top 10 Virtual Tabletop Games in the USA

Here are the top 10 virtual tabletop games in the USA,

1. Foundry Virtual Tabletop

Foundry Virtual Tabletop game

Foundry Virtual Tabletop is a self-hosted, modern, and developer-friendly roleplaying platform, revolutionizing the virtual tabletop world.

Target Demographic: Popular among RPG enthusiasts who prefer self-hosting games and enjoy a high degree of customization.

Standout Features:

  • Event Triggers System: Define scripted events dynamically when Tokens interact with specific areas.
  • Architectural Improvements: Continuous updates enhancing the underlying architecture.
  • Game Canvas Improvements: Elevations, lighting, detection modes, and more improvements on the Game Canvas.

2. Roll20

Roll20 Tabletop game

Roll20 is a free-to-use, web-based, and user-friendly virtual tabletop, catering to tabletop RPG players.

Target Demographic: Widely used by RPG players who prefer an easy-to-use platform with a large user base.

Standout Features:

  • Free to Use: Offers a free version with extensive functionality.
  • Dynamic Lighting / Line of Sight: Exclusive to paid subscribers.
  • Shared Table Features: Facilitates collaborative gameplay.

3. Tabletop Simulator

Tabletop Simulator Tabletop game

Tabletop Simulator, a physics sandbox by Berserk Games, allows playing and creating a variety of card and board games.

Target Demographic: Popular among board game enthusiasts seeking a 3D gaming experience, including VR support.

Standout Features:

  • Variety of Games: A base game with 15 classics and 42 additional games via DLC.
  • Player-Created Games: Access thousands of player-created games in the workshop.
  • Hosting and Joining Games: Simple menu options for joining or hosting games.

4. Astral

Astral Tabletop game

Astral is a free-to-use virtual tabletop supporting a wide variety of rule sets for RPG players.

Target Demographic: Widely used by RPG players who seek an easy-to-use platform with diverse rule sets.

Standout Features

  • Free to Use: Offers a free version with extensive functionality.
  • Variety of Rule Sets: Supports a broad range of rule sets for diverse tabletop RPGs.
  • Shared Table Features: Facilitates collaborative gameplay.

5. Fantasy Grounds

Fantasy Grounds Tabletop game

Fantasy Grounds is a highly customizable virtual tabletop, known for handling various rule sets with robustness.

Target Demographic: Popular among RPG enthusiasts who favor high customization and invest time in learning the platform.

Standout Features:

  • Launcher Screen: Enter license key, access modules, create/re-open/join campaigns, and create characters.
  • Assets Panel: Explanation of the assets panel.
  • Advanced Usage: Offers advanced features and controls for reference.

6. D&D Virtual Tabletop

D&D Tabletop game

An innovative VTT by Wizards of the Coast, D&D Virtual Tabletop aims for an immersive digital D&D experience.

Target Demographic: Targeted at D&D players seeking an authentic and immersive digital D&D experience.

Standout Features:

  • Connected 3D Experience: Various ways to interact with the 3D space for an immersive experience.
  • D&D Beyond Integration: Link characters from D&D Beyond to miniatures, updating stats and features.
  • Fun, Convenient, Authentic: Aims for a fun, convenient, and authentic experience, true to D&D rules.

7. Alchemy RPG

Alchemy RPG Tabletop game

Alchemy RPG, an upcoming VTT, focuses on cinematic immersion and theater of the mind gameplay.

Target Demographic: Targeted at RPG players seeking an immersive and cinematic gaming experience.

Standout Features:

  • Cinematic Immersion: Focuses on cinematic elements like music, animated environments, and particle effects.
  • Scene-Based Structure: Empowers gamemasters to tell incredible stories through structured scenes.
  • Animated Environments: Offers animated backgrounds, particle effects, ambient sound, and music.

8. Shmeppy

Shmeppy Tabletop game

Shmeppy is a free, easy-to-use VTT requiring no downloads, ideal for RPG players seeking simplicity.

Target Demographic: Popular among RPG players who prefer a straightforward and easy-to-use platform.

Standout Features:

  • Free to Use: Shmeppy is entirely free.
  • Easy to Use: As simple as using a wet-erase mat.
  • No Downloads or Installations Required: Requires no downloads or installations.

9. Let’s Role

Lets Role  Tabletop game

Let’s Role is a free VTT supporting multiple game systems with a clean, modern interface.

Target Demographic: Designed for RPG players preferring a modern, user-friendly platform supporting various game systems.

Standout Features:

  • Free to Use: Let’s Role is free.
  • Supports Multiple Game Systems: Allows playing a wide variety of tabletop RPGs.
  • Clean, Modern Interface: User-friendly and easy to navigate.

10. Tabletop Mini Golf

Tabletop Mini Golf Game

Tabletop Mini Golf, available on Tabletop Simulator, offers a unique, hand-crafted mini-golf experience.

Target Demographic: Popular among mini-golf enthusiasts seeking a fun and engaging tabletop gaming experience.

Standout Features:

  • Unique Gameplay: Experience mini-golf right on your tabletop.
  • Multiplayer: Play solo or against friends.
  • Hand-Crafted Course: Features an 18-hole, hand-crafted course.

Also read, “How To Create DApp Games Like CryptoKitties?


Developing a Virtual Tabletop Game (VTTG) requires a thoughtful blend of creativity, technical expertise, and a deep understanding of the gaming community. From conceptualizing game mechanics to implementing immersive graphics and ensuring smooth online gameplay, the journey involves numerous steps and considerations. It is essential to prioritize user experience, maintain flexibility for future updates, and leverage the latest technologies to create an engaging and dynamic virtual gaming environment. As the popularity of virtual tabletop gaming continues to grow, developers have the exciting opportunity to contribute innovative and captivating experiences to the gaming landscape.

Looking To Make a Virtual Tabletop Game For Your Business?

If you are enthusiastic about delving into the realm of Virtual Tabletop Games and need expert assistance, IdeaUsher is here to guide you every step of the way. Whether you’re envisioning a mobile or web-based application, our seasoned developers specialize in transforming ideas into reality. At IdeaUsher, we understand the nuances of game development and can tailor solutions to meet your specific requirements. From crafting intricate game mechanics to delivering seamless user interfaces, our team is committed to bringing your Virtual Tabletop Game to life. Let us be your partner in turning your gaming vision into a captivating and immersive reality. Reach out to IdeaUsher for unparalleled support in mobile and web app development, and embark on the journey of creating the next big Virtual Tabletop Game sensation.

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Q1. What are the key considerations for designing game mechanics in a Virtual Tabletop Game (VTTG)?

A1: Crafting game mechanics for a VTTG demands a meticulous approach. Key considerations include the seamless transition from physical to virtual gameplay, ensuring turn-based systems are intuitive, and creating character interactions that enhance player immersion. Thoughtful implementation of dice mechanics adds layer of strategy, ensuring that the virtual experience captures the essence and excitement of traditional tabletop gaming.

Q2. How can one ensure a smooth and enjoyable online multiplayer experience in a Virtual Tabletop Game?

A2: Ensuring a smooth online multiplayer experience in a VTTG is imperative. Developers need to focus on implementing a robust system that addresses real-time synchronization challenges, minimizes lag, and integrates intuitive communication features. A seamless online multiplayer environment fosters a positive and connected gaming community, enhancing the overall player experience and encouraging sustained engagement in the virtual tabletop realm.

Q3. What technologies are commonly used in the development of Virtual Tabletop Games?

A3: The technology stack in VTTG development is critical for success. Frequently utilized technologies include WebGL for rendering high-quality graphics, WebSockets for real-time communication between players, and cloud-based solutions for scalable and reliable hosting. Familiarity with these technologies is essential, allowing developers to create a seamless virtual gaming experience with responsive interfaces, immersive visuals, and the capability for scalable, online multiplayer interactions.

Q4. How can developers balance the need for creativity and adherence to traditional tabletop gaming elements in a VTT?

A4: Striking a delicate balance between innovation and tradition is a key challenge in VTTG development. Developers must integrate new features and mechanics creatively while preserving the fundamental elements that define tabletop gaming. This balance ensures that the virtual experience caters to both seasoned players, providing them with a fresh and engaging experience, and newcomers, who will appreciate the familiarity of traditional elements, ultimately creating a dynamic and inclusive virtual tabletop gaming environment.

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